Origin of the Name
There are a number of theories on the origin of the name “Dewsbury”.
- An Anglo-Saxon name referring to a watery “burgh”, or fortified manor.
- A Mercian name, after the founder of a fortified settlement in the area, named Dui, Dew or Deus – “beria” meaning strongold.
- “God’s Hill”, from the old British word “Duw”, meaning God, and “burg”, meaning a hill.
- “Tiu’s Hill”, as above, but derived from the Norse and Germanic god Tiu.
The Domesday book of 1086 records the name of the town as Deusberia. Here is a summary of the Domesday entry:
- Manor of Wakefield.
- Taxable value 3 geld units.
- Value to lord in 1066 £0.5. Value to lord in 1086 £0.5.
- Households…6 villagers. 2 smallholders. 1 priest.
- Ploughland…2 ploughlands and 4 men’s plough teams.
- 1 church.
- Lord in 1066 King Edward (Wessex)
- Lord in 1086 King William (Norman)
- Tenant-in-chief in 1086 William (of Normandy)
- Hundred: Morley
- County of York
- Population: 9 households
- Total tax assessed: 3 geld units